Today most children (20-30%) at pre-school age may have delay in development of mental processes, and in school it is not possibility to master educational program. Some pupils have difficulties in writing, other in reading, mathematics, in other skills – lack of ability to communicate, to adhere to the school rules and others like that. Causes of these problems can be connected both with pedagogical neglect and with the features of mental-physical development of a child.
Disorders in activity of the nervous system are characterized by the delay of development of basic psychoneurological functions – motion, speech, mental, communicative and others like that. However such disorders can be and must be corrected.
The Clinic of Vascular Innovations provides the correcting psychological-pedagogical work with the complex perosnalized methods, worked out on the basis of modern achievements in practical psychology.
The earlier to pay attention to the disorders the more real possibility successfully to overcome them. However parents not always know, the norm in child’s development and alerting signs.
There are criteria of mental-motional development of children of early age. There are different methods of functional development of a child. On their basis we distinguished those criteria which consider the most substantial.
New-born child: motions of extremities; sucking and grabbing reflexes; vowel cry.
1 month: lying on a belly, lifts a head on 3 sec.; bending and unbending of the fists; fixes a look on bright objects; starts at sharps, reacts on sharp noise; “pronounces” (“а”, “е”); reacts on adult; sucks, swallows.
2 months: holds the head during 10 sec., a hand opens up from a little finger; when cries, he clanches the fists; turns the head towards the adult; smiles in reply to a smile of the adult; pronounces laryngeal sounds “hе”, “eh”; pulls the arms and legs to the mouth.
3 months: holds the head no less than for 1 min, leans on both forearms, inverted lying; stretches out arms to the toy; traces motion by eyes; reacts into speech, searches who is talking; pronounces the first compositions; emotional revival; smiles spontaneously.
4 months: confidently holds the head; turns from the back on the belly and from the belly on the back; sits at support; played by hands, seizes a rattle, all pulls to the mouth; examines things, inlaid in the arm; knows his mother, her voice; distinguishes soft and severe intonations; begins unconsciously to pronounce the consonants of “v”, “m”, “b”, “p”; during feeding holds the hand on the breast of the mother or a bottle.
5 months: reaches for objects; touches them; pays attention to shallow objects; begins to react on his name; repeats compositions of “ma-ma”, “ba-ba”; an independent game with toys.
6 months: leans on the palm; briefly retains the weight, leaning on legs; purposefully takes objects, puts from one hand in another, collects shallow objects; begins to listen to the own language, varies a volume and intonation; can eat thick meal.
7 months: sits unsupported; lifts a hand to the toy; takes an object with fingers; sitting watches after an object; leans at an attempt to take away a toy; eats biscuits himself.
8 months: stands with an external help; begins to drink from a cup; perfection of all mastered skills.
9 months: stands, holding on a support, tries to stand, pushes off with hands, pulls up feet, sits down, creeps; consciously throws objects listening a sound and searching the object which fell down; listens to the speech; talks “ma-ma”, “ba-ba”, copies sounds by intonation; feels shy at unknown; drinks from a cup which is held by an adult.
10 months: sits down independently, for short time stands rocking without support, sits down from position on a belly; the mechanism of taking objects is perfected; knocks a block at a block; distinguishes objects after their form (for example, brick and block); begins to know objects on a picture; on a request gives a toy; takes meal with fingers.
11-12 months: creeps coordinated; stands; walks independently; first realized words; understands words “yes”, it is “impossible”; shows a gesture “good-bye”; played “line-ups”; shows parts of body; independently eats with a spoon; pronounces separate words.
20-21 month: throws up ball; leafs pages in a book; loves to draw with a finger and chalk; can climb on a large chair, turn over and sit down; runs not confidently; tries to jump up on two legs.
22-23 months: independently puts boots on, but often not on that leg; gladly romps with plasticine, clay; if to show, can draw a circle; easily passes from walking to running; likes a swing.
2-3 years: easily repeats phrases, understands their meaning, combines 3-4 words; distinguishes colors; can independently move the stages; memorizes verses and ditties; with pleasure “dances”; independently gets dressed, fastens the buttons, strings laces; knows about the amount of objects.
Does development of your child correspond with the criteria?
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Our Clinic specializes first of all on diagnostics and treatment of diseases, related to disorders of cerebral circulation. Due to the unique newest methods, worked out by the scientific leader, doctor of medical sciences Ulyana Lushchyk it became possible to overcome such illnesses, as:
- delay of physical, mental and speech development;
- convulsive syndrome;
- birth trauma of CNS;
- disorders of cerebral circulation;
- chronic fatigue syndrome;
- headache, migraine;
- craniocerebral traumas;
- sleep disorders;
- vegetovascular dystonia;
- disease of vessels in extremities;
- vascular impotence;
- osteochondrosis of backbone.
And it is not full list.
From truth in diagnostics – to the real result of treatment.